As we’ve amid a high risk of the epidemic caused by a deadly coronavirus, we all are expecting that we will have the optimal vaccines to protect off the virus. Global studies are, however, also underway to identify an efficient vaccine that is beneficial in the management of COVID-19 patients.
Scientists, researchers, and physicians not only focus on the vaccine but also attempt to assess alternative methods for reducing the spread of the disease intensity, and blood plasma therapy in this field is one of the most promising alternatives to date.
What is blood plasma?
Blood plasma is your body’s largest liquid component that contains water, salts, and enzymes. This blood plasma, which makes up approximately 55 percent of the overall blood volume of the body, houses the red blood cells. Blood plasma appears light yellow when isolated from the rest of the blood.
What is blood plasma therapy in COVID?
Blood plasma therapy is the method of transferring blood plasma from someone who has recovered from a COVID-19 infection to someone who is either infected or experiencing high-risk symptoms.
Covid’s blood plasma therapy phase
When your body is exposed to a foreign virus, the immune system starts to produce antibodies to combat and destroy the virus. B lymphocytes, which are immune cells found in plasma, spontaneously create these antibody proteins, and after an infected individual recovers, the antibody created persists in the blood plasma, ready to combat the same virus if it surfaces again.
Plasma therapy is effective because it allows other infected persons to help recognize the virus with the help of a produced antibody from a recovered person. That’s a mechanism in which the virus’s antibody recognizes it. As a result, when someone gives plasma to an infected person, the virus is recognized by the antibody, which allows the infected person to heal quickly. The plasma therapy can be donated only after 14 days of complete recovery time.
Advantages and side effects of the plasma therapy procedure
It is widely seen that patients who underwent plasma convalescence recovered quickly from their disease than patients who did not. Studies after studies have, however, shown constant outcomes on both sides. Although some studies showed promising results of plasma therapy implementation in the management of COVID-19 patients, other scientists found that the therapy did not make a significant contribution to the control of or to the reduction of the virus effect. In their studies, they reported that convalescent plasma does not reduce extreme symptoms significantly, but facilitates the COVID survival of patients.
The side effect or risks involved in plasma therapy may range from mild to fatal. You may get adverse reactions such as immune-related adverse events (irAEs) from transfusion of plasma, which is most common. Another major risk that is involved in the process is Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) and allergic reactions. Although according to one study, TRALI is a rare condition associated with the therapy.
Blood plasma therapy is not new to us. The therapy has been useful in preventing or diagnosing illness for centuries. Coronavirus is a breathing condition resulting from the lethal SARS-CoV-2 virus. The virus actually affects the lung and produces new viruses with the cells. This leads to the shortening of breath and decreases the immune system’s ability. As a result, people are unable to survive which contributes to increased mortality.
There are several ongoing experiments around the world in the hope that a successful remedy can be found to defeat the evil virus. Although, plasma blood therapy has been showing the promising result on patient’s recovery rates. Nevertheless, it still is subject to some disagreement of its effectiveness.
With every COVID-19 update, we do our best to keep you up-to-date. Before then, therefore, we recommend that you meet the requirements and follow the appropriate guidelines issued by the Indian Government, CDC, and WHO, practice good hygiene, wear masks, maintain social distancing. Stay at home, stay safe.